Located in Kings Domain on St Kilda Road, Melbourne, Australia Shrine of Remembrance was constructed as a memorial to the men and women of Victoria who served in World War I and is now a memorial to all those Australians who served in war. One of the largest war memorials in Australia it is a site of annual observances of ANZAC Day and Remembrance Day. The shrine has been built in classical style based on the model of the Tomb of Mausolus at Halicarnassus and the Parthenon in Athens.
Built from Tynong granite the Shrine originally had a central sanctuary surrounded by the ambulatory. The stone used to build the shrine was granodiorite quarried from Tynong. The internal walls use sandstone from Redesdale; and the black marble columns used stone from Buchan. A square structure roofed by a stepped pyramid and entered on the north and south through classical porticos, each of eight fluted Doric columns supporting a pediment containing sculpture in high relief. Wide steps lead to the porticos rising in stages to the podium on which the Shrine sits. The east and west facing fronts are marked at the corners by four groups of statuary by Paul Raphael Montford, representing Peace, Justice, Patriotism and Sacrifice. The Art Deco style and motifs are influenced by Greek and Assyrian sculpture. Beneath the sanctuary lies the Crypt that contains a bronze statue of a father and son representing the two generations who served in the two world wars. The Entrance Coutyard leads to the shrine. The garden Courtyard features the Legacy Olive Tree and a seating area. The gallery of Medals has a 40-metre-long (130 ft) wall displaying around 4000 medals, each symbolically representing 100 Victorians who have lost their lives in war and peacekeeping operations, and six who have died. The Remembrance Garden has a pool, waterfall and Harcourt granite wall containing names of the conflicts and peacekeeping operations in which Australia participated following World War II.